Obama issues record-breaking 214 commutations
WASHINGTON — President Obama commuted the sentences of 214 more federal inmates Wednesday, the largest single-day grant of commutations in the nation’s history. The list includes 10 inmates in Georgia.
Obama has now used his constitutional clemency power to shorten the sentences of more federal inmates than any president since Calvin Coolidge.
The early release of the 214 prisoners — most convicted of low-level drug offenses — is part of Obama’s effort to correct what he views as unreasonably long mandatory minimum sentences. The longest: Richard L. Reser of Sedgwick, Kan., who was given a 40-year sentence for dealing methamphatamine and firearm possession. He’ll be released Dec. 1.
“The more we understand the human stories behind this problem, the sooner we can start making real changes that keep our streets safe, break the cycle of incarceration in this country, and save taxpayers like you money,” Obama said in a Facebook post.
LINK | Full list of President Obama commutations (August 3, 2016)
The list includes several from the metro Atlanta area, including:
- James Oliver Fambro – Decatur, GA
Offense: Conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of a mixture and substance containing cocaine base; possession with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of a mixture and substance containing cocaine base; possession of a firearm by a convicted felon; possession of a firearm during and in relation to a drug trafficking offense; Northern District of Florida
Sentence: 300 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release, $500 fine (April 5, 2006)
- J. B. Farris, Jr. – Atlanta, GA
Offense: Conspiracy to possess with the intent to distribute cocaine; possession with the intent to distribute cocaine; possession of a firearm during a drug trafficking crime; Northern District of Georgia
Sentence: 360 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release (January 26, 1993)
- James LaRon Knight – Jonesboro, GA
Offense: Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute cocaine; Southern District of Alabama
Sentence: 292 months’ imprisonment; five years’ supervised release (November 23, 2004)
The president’s clemency power usually takes one of two forms: Pardons, which give offenders a full legal forgiveness for their crimes, and commutations, which shorten prison sentences but often leave other conditions intact. Many of those granted commutations Wednesday will continue to have supervised release.
Political scientist P.S. Ruckman Jr., who tracks pardon and commutation data, said it’s the largest one-day grant of commutations since 1789. The previous record: July 26, 1935, when President Franklin Roosevelt issued 151.
Still, advocates for more aggressive presidential clemency say even that pace is not enough to fulfill the promise of Obama’s 2014 clemency initiative, which hoped to shorten the sentences of offenders who would have been given shorter sentences if they had been convicted of the same crime today.
“While the commutations President Obama granted today are an important step forward, they remind us of how much more work this administration has to do if it is to grant relief for every person eligible,” said Mark Osler, a law professor at St. Thomas University. More than 11,000 petitions are still pending, and Osler said at least 1,500 people are eligible for commutation under the criteria the administration established.
Critics also say the commutations have often come at the expense of traditional pardons, which are more useful to former offenders looking for jobs or seeking to restore their voting or gun rights. Former Pardon Attorney Deborah Leff resigned earlier this year because she said the administration wasn’t devoting enough resources to the issue, and because her recommendations were often overruled.
“Our work is far from finished,” said White House counsel Neil Eggleston in a blog post. “I expect the president will continue to grant clemency in a historic and inspiring fashion.”
But he said laborious clemency process — in which each application is reviewed by at least three levels of lawyers at the Justice Department and the White House before going to the president — is no substitute for congressional action to overhaul sentencing guidelines.
“The individual nature of the clemency process underscores both its incredible power to change a person’s life, but also its inherent shortcoming as a tool for broader sentencing reform,” Eggleston said. “While we continue to work to act on as many clemency applications as possible, only legislation can bring about lasting change to the federal system.”